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Elephant (Asian Elephant)

A male Asian Elephant

African Elephant

A herd of African Elephants

African Bush Elephant-0

A female African Elephant in Tanzania.

Satao, an African Elephant killed by poachers

Satao, an African Elephant

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African Bush Elephant

Elephants are the largest existing land animals. 3 species are recognized; the African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta Africana), the African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta Cyclotis), and the Asian Elephant (Elephas Maximus). Elephantidae is the only surviving group of proboscideans which includes the mastodons. Ancestors and other members of the mighty and majestic elephant are mammoths and straight tusked elephants. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs whereas Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs. Distinctive features of elephants include a trunk (used for eating and drinking and has over 100,000 muscles), tusks (used as weapons, digging and up to 7 feet long), large flappy ears (used for temperature and hearing), pillar-like legs (five toenails on the front and five on the rear for all elephants) and tough, but sensitive skin (which can feel a fly touching it).

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Scattered throughout Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, elephants are social and very intelligent animals. They are herbivorous creatures, meaning they only eat plants and some fruits. The bite force of an elephant is 2,200 psi which is more than a Hippopotamus bite force which is 1,800 psi. Elephants are very intelligent creatures, they are indeed social creatures. The intelligence of an elephant ranking is 95/100. It’s sociality and emotional empathatic is 100/100.

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